Chardonnay is one of the most popular varieties of grape wines grown and consumed in Australia. It is an important ingredient of the sparkling wines worldwide. Due to its wide usage in creating the white and sparkling wines and even as blends, it is the second most widely grown grape variety in terms of acreage and has presence in highest number of wine regions around the world. These grapes are also called the entry level grapes for any person willing to enter the wine-making business. This is due to the fact that this grape varietal has good chances of survival in different agro-climatic conditions and is used in making of different wines.
Chardonnay in Aussieland : In Australia, the chardonnay grapes are grown in its three most important wine growing states- New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria. Regionally, it is the Hunter Valley region which is famous for growing this type of wine. The history of growth of this variety is also not without its own problems. The first planting was brought in the nineteenth century by James Busby but this did not succeed commercially. Then, after a relative lull for about a century, this wine variety was again planted and by 1970s, it was able to gain commercial success when Tyrrell vineyards took to its planting. Tyrrells are one of the First Families of Wines of Australia.
Commercial success in 1970s paved the way for reaping the fruits of export boom of Chardonnay wines in 1980s and 1990s. This boom changed the fortune of many wineries for better that were growing this grape and making wines from it. By early 1990s, Chardonnay wine grapes became the most planted white grapes in Australia and, overall, it was the third most important wine grape variety to be grown in the country.